Posts Tagged ‘travel’

how to deal with blood suckers on holiday

May 18, 2011

I just returned from a dreamy, restorative few days up in a sweet place in Campbell Hall, NY called simply, heartland. Everything about the time & place was sweet: the scent of the air, the soft green plants, my travel companions (all yogis on retreat), the resident cat (Jack Kerouac). By the end of the trip, I was feeling sweet, too – all of my urban stiffness had melted away.

Before I arrived in this home-away-from-home, however, there was one particularly sour thought on my mind. It’s a thought that looms large in the minds of many travelers these days: will there be bed bugs?

blood sucker #1

As the old adage goes, bed bugs don’t discriminate. They inhabit 5-star hotels and student-filled hostels. And they’ll hitch a ride home with any warm-blooded being with a pulse. I’m not super paranoid about them, but my mind was put at ease, knowing I was prepared if I were to encounter the li’l blood suckers. (There weren’t any bed bugs at sweet & cozy heartland, thankfully.)


[tiny critter, big fat problem]

What I had tucked in my bag is a secret weapon against bed bugs. It’s completely non-toxic, totally safe for pets & humans of any age (you know I wouldn’t use it if it weren’t). It’s made from pure essential oils & plant-based enzymes that work to break down the outer shell or exoskeleton of the bed bug. What is this mystery product? BedbugLogic. In an independent study, BedbugLogic had a 96% efficacy rate after only two sprays and was 100% effective at knocking down bedbugs in seconds (ICR Labs BedbugLogic Efficacy Test February 2011).

I was lucky enough to meet with one of the creators of the product the day before I left for my country retreat.

Jill Taft (along with co-founder Michael Bedrick) started the Logic Product Group when her daughter suffered from recurrent episoded with lice (LiceLogic is another product line they created). After a run-in with bed bugs on vacation, BedbugLogic was born. Jill wanted a solution that was not just effective, but also safe for her children and the environment. The solution also had to be pleasant to use.

Before leaving my own home, I sprayed my travel bag with BedbugLogic as a precautionary measure. Being super sensitive to scents, I’m happy to report it smelled simply of thyme. There’s also a cedar scented version. The 2-ounce travel size is TSA-approved, so you can carry it on flights.

You can get BedbugLogic and Licelogic on Amazon.

blood sucker #2

There was another blood sucking little creature I was concerned about on this trip – the tick. Specifically, the deer tick (Ixodes scapularis). Those pin-head sized members of the arachnid class that carry a bacteria which causes a nasty disease known as Lyme (they also carry less known diseases, like babesiosis & human granulocytic anaplasmosis). I know people who have had it. I know of people who’ve had it more than once. I’ve been in a room with someone who had one on her. And I know people who have moved away from the East Coast to avoid them. From what I understand, it is not a pleasant experience. You can read more about Lyme here.

[From left to right, adult female, adult male, nymph, larva. According to the Minnesota Department of Health, adult females and nymphs can transmit disease through their bite]

Outside of the city (no deer here!), ticks are everywhere. On this last trip alone, I came across 3 larger ticks (now I’m thinking they were adult female deer ticks) in one day. Another retreatee found a tiny deer tick on his body. The trick is to find them before they’ve dug their heads into your skin. Ostensibly, we all managed to achieve this. This could be due in part to the spray I had mixed up to bring on the trip.

[an engorged, post-sucking, deer tick looks quite different from the hungry kind]

One of the key ingredients in the spray I created was palmarosa essential oil, which contains the constituent known as geraniol, an effective tick repellent. Geraniol is also found in lavender & lemongrass (which I also added to the formula), as well as catnip, rose, geranium, and citronella. All of these essential oils are reported to be effective insect repellents, keeping not just ticks at bay, but also mosquitos, ants, gnats, and other annoying insects.

Here’s some more interesting info about geraniol.

If you want to make your own bug repellent, here’s the formula I put together. I’ll also be selling this in my Etsy shop soon:

1. In a blue- or amber-colored 2-ounce glass bottle, add water until about 2/3 full.

2. Add:

  • 1 dropperful of catnip tincture
  • 15 drops palmarosa essential oil
  • 8 drops lemongrass essential oil
  • 8 drops lavender essential oil

3. Top off with vodka.

4. Shake well and spray on, paying close attention to places where a tick might enter, such as on shoes, and around ankles and wrists. Ticks like to hang out on the ground, especially in leaf litter, and are always feeling around for the next taxi (warm-blooded animal) to latch on to.

Early detection is one of the best ways to keep ticks from sinking their blood-sucking faces into your skin. Keep your body covered, tuck your socks over your pants, wear light-colored clothing, and do frequent tick checks (especially before heading indoors). When you do find yourself indoors, get in the shower and do a more thorough check of your entire body. If you find an embedded tick, remove it carefully with tweezers, as close to it’s head as possible. Here’s a video that shows how it’s done.

If you know or think you have been bitten by a deer tick, go see your doctor right away. There are antibiotic treatments available to eradicate the bacteria in order to prevent serious illness.

costa rica, in a (coco)nut shell

February 11, 2010

Beautiful country, lovely people, good food, clean water, gorgeous beaches, lush forests, diverse wildlife – what more does one need? That’s the question I kept asking myself throughout the trip and upon my return. The Ticos (Costa Ricans) say ¡Pura Vida! and it really does feel that way. Simple, nothing extraneous, relaxed, taking each day as it comes – at least that’s how I experienced it. Here are some more observations from the trip to Costa Rica…


In equatorial regions, there is greater diversity of plant species than areas north and south of the equator (where there tends to be more within-species diversity). Walking through the rainforest and cloud forest, this was pretty evident. Bromeliads, orchids, and other epiphytes grow high up in the canopy, their roots dangling down like Tarzan swings. All sorts of moss, ferns, and fungus grow on the sides of trees and in any nook they can occupy.

There are hundreds of bird species, snakes, spiders, and interesting fauna, like the agouti (a large rodent), coati (or pizote, a raccoon relative), and endangered tapir.

The landscapes are diverse, too. Dry forests, rain forests, cloud forests, volcanoes, flatlands, hillsides, and beaches (Pacific and Caribbean) are all part of a country roughly the size of West Virginia.

cattle, cattle, and more cattle

Sure, the rolling hillsides with pastured cattle look idyllic, but much of that pasture was once forest. The good news is the government rewards cattle ranchers for leaving portions of their land forest, protecting habitat vital to diverse animal species and tree cover that maintains a healthy rain cycle.

To preserve the health of waterways, there must also be a 50 meter buffer zone between pasture and rivers and streams.


In response to the deforestation brought on by logging and cattle ranching, both private and government-funded preservation efforts are taking place in Costa Rica. At the diminutive Ecocentro Danaus, a secondary forest where there was once deforested and denuded land, a great amount of diversity has found its way back. We saw a mama sloth and her baby (which I was very excited about!), tree frogs, butterflies, a Jesus Christ lizard, toucanettes, and lots of other birds. For a place that’s only about 600 square meters, it was an impressive demonstration of how restoring native forests can have such a positive impact on protecting wildlife. Danaus also offers a place for the indigenous Maleku people to display and sell their gorgeous colorfully painted and carved artwork.

CapiCapi is a Maleku greeting

As part of a volcano tour (which we never ended up seeing – it was shrouded in clouds), we took a guided hike through the Arenal Rainforest Reserve. It was easy to see where James Cameron found his inspiration for Avatar. Giant trees covered in epiphytes had great significance to the N’avi in the film, and to the Mayans thousands of years before Avatar was conceived. Aside from the towering trees, we saw a deadly eyelash viper, curled up on a branch.

At the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, a privately funded conservation park run by Centro Cientifico Tropical, visitors can take guided tours of the dense secondary and primary forest to discover all sorts of creatures and verdantery (okay, I think I just made up that word). Our guide, Danilo, enthusiastically walked (and sometimes jogged in order to catch a glimpse of a transitory creature) us through the well manicured trails of the otherwise wild forest.

Many nature enthusiasts come just to witness the quetzal, a bird species that is said to be in decline. Many leave without seeing one. We were lucky enough to see not just one but at least 4 quetzals. The male is especially resplendent (as they are called) for the gorgeous iridescent plume feathers that hang down from its back. Mayan kings would pluck these special feathers and add them to their headdresses – the shifting colors and soft fir-like nature of them surely made the kings appear otherworldly.

As a bonus at the end of our tour, Danilo teased a female tarantula out of her nest for us to see. Then we visited the hummingbird gallery to engulf ourselves in the buzzing and humming of the quick and tiny birds.

The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve was at one time part of a Quaker settlement (and is in part still managed by Quakers). Knowing their water supply for ranching would be severely compromised if the mountaintop forest were no longer there, the Quakers worked with Centro Cientifico Tropical to ensure protection of the cloud forest.

blue flag beaches

The national water utility and the tourism board got together and created the Bandera Azul Ecologica (ecological blue flag) to reward beach communities for their ecological responsibility. A 90% score or better in water and environmental quality gets the beach a blue flag. Find out which beaches earned blue flags here.

Turtle eggs are protected from poaching and predators at Playa Junquillal, a blue flag beach.

dogs, dogs, everywhere

Without rabies to worry about, dogs roam the streets freely. They seem more cat-like than dogs in the US. Independent, finicky, sometimes aloof, apprehensive of other dogs, yet loyal to humans. We had the companionship of 4 such dogs at the house where we stayed in Playa Negra. They were serious about protecting their property from other animals and strangers, but they were really friendly to us. It was comforting having them there, even when their middle-of-the-night howling at who-knows-what took me out of my dreams.

up with the sun, down with the sun

Without the distractions of TV and internet, it was easy to get into a more natural rhythm of waking with the sunrise and winding it down a couple of hours after the sun set.

not without its environmental problems

The government protects 40% of the land from development and the majority of Costa Rica’s power comes from renewable sources of energy (mostly hydroelectric). There are some really good recycling efforts in place in some locations, with even organics (compostables) collection. But for such an eco-friendly country, there’s still room for improvement.

One of the biggest problems I witnessed was littering. Mostly truckers throwing plastic soda bottles out of their windows, or people leaving bags of trash on the roadside (I’m assuming to avoid paying for trash pick up). Colorful striped plastic bags (the equivalent of the black or white deli or takeout bag in the US) lined the highways, despite signs requesting “no tirar basura.”

Just like here, there is disposable everything and individually wrapped goodies in the pulperias and supermercados. It felt just like home with all of the industrialized food options at the grocery store. And then there are the nasty chemical cleaning products proliferating the shelves and being used in businesses and households pretty ubiquitously (at least from what I saw in my 8 day stay). And don’t get me started on the cologne.

Illegal logging is still an issue, as is poaching plants from protected parks.

But despite these gripes, I am truly glad (and very lucky) to have experienced the pura vida way of Costa Rica.

If you plan on visiting Costa Rica, here are a few tips to consider:

1. Don’t underestimate the power of the equatorial sun. It can really do some serious damage to your skin. Stay out of the sun during the midday hours, basically anytime from 10am to 4pm is probably a good call. Of course, wear plenty of sunscreen, at least 30 SPF. Use brands that are less toxic  – my favorites are California Baby and Badger.

2. Check into an eco-lodge. promotes lodging that’s not just ecologically sound but socially responsible, too.

3. Just like at home, consider your own ecological impact while in Costa Rica. Here’s a simple rule: Take only photos and leave only footprints.

4. Skip the plastic. If you plan any trips to the supermarket or pulperia, BYOB – bring your own bags. It’s easy enough to tuck a couple of foldable shopping bags into your suitcase or backpack. Also, drinking water from the tap is safe and delicious, so no need to buy the bottled stuff.

5. Crafts made by locals and indigenous people make nice souvenirs.

6. US dollars (dolares) are accepted just about everywhere, so there’s usually no need to exchange money.

7. If you’re an apprehensive driver, leave the driving to a taxista or a tour company. The roads have greatly improved in the last few years, but there are still some seriously bumpy (and winding) back roads on the way to some of the more frequented destinations. If you do decide to drive, get a GPS and bring a map for back-up (sometimes the GPS prefers the most direct route, not the most sane route).

¡Pura vida!

mountains, moose, and more mountains

September 14, 2009

Deep breath in… and out. The smell of pine and sagebrush. The feeling of rock and dirt beneath my boots. Sharp mountain peaks, bright midday sun, glimmering glacial lakes. And the sounds: call of the magpie, chirping of chipmunks, gurgling and whooshing of mountain streams, crackling of moose footsteps. This is the experience of a national park. I am grateful to those who had the foresight to preserve these places. I am thankful that I’ve had the opportunity to visit them.

Here’s some of what I saw on the latest trip – to Grand Teton National Park in Wyoming.

of course, there are the mountains

Didn’t realize at the time that this was about where Ansel Adams snapped a famous photo, I think he was a bit further upstream.

A forest fire burns at the base of Mount Moran. Fires are most often started by lightning and are closely monitored while they are left to burn. They are beneficial to many plants, such as lodgepole pine.

Mount Moran has a distinctive geologic feature — a basalt (molten rock) intrusion.

Cascade Canyon Trail, an 11-mile hike (or 9 if you take the boat across Jenny Lake both ways, 13 if you skip the boat altogether) with breathtaking views.

Glacial till from the last ice age. We looked for marmots among the rocks, but they happen to be hibernating already.

Part of the park’s “sustainable” menu: elk/bison burgers at Jackson Lake Lodge. They were delicious, and so was the view.

This view inspired JD Rockefeller, Jr. to preserve this place as part of the national park.

families of fauna

Mama and baby moose (called cow and calf, respectively), on the appropriately named Moose-Wilson Road.

Papa moose (or bull), seen on the Cascade Canyon trail.

An elk bull and his harem.

One of 5 or 6 bald eagles we encountered on the trip. They like to hang out by waterways, like the Snake River.

A “least” chipmunk. Tiny and adorable.

pollinators aplenty, and maybe some pests

Butterflies abound.

Bees, too.

This may or may not be an Asian longhorn beetle. If it is, I’m sorry I didn’t report the little bugger (I didn’t know they frequented these parts). I was too busy trying to get this shot as he was perched on my shoulder.

lovely flora

Leafy spurge, I think. One of the wanted weeds.

Thistle or spotted knapweed?

This one’s not a weed, it’s a columbine.

Sagebrush bathed in sun.


Hot air balloons launched right near where we are staying (Teton Village).

If we were staying one more day, I think I might have wanted to try paragliding. We watched this guy take off from Rendezvous Mountain.


off to the wilds of wyoming

September 5, 2009

Bison in Yellowstone, the Tetons neighbor to the North.

Howdy y’all!

I’m off to wrassle some dogies out in the wilds of Wyomin’. Well, okay, not really, but a girl can pretend a little, no?

In reality we are heading to Grand Teton National Park and the Jackson Hole area for some fresh air, nature loving, hiking, rafting, and horseback riding. A lot to fit into a 4-day itinerary! I’ll be back in a week to report on all of our adventures.

Happy Labor Day and enjoy the week!

x L

september in the city – UPDATE!

September 3, 2009

I love September in New York. Dry sunny days, crisp clear nights. A perfect time to enjoy the great outdoors. Yes, we do have great outdoors in NYC. Here are some great ways to experience them this month.

I’ve added a couple things I thought you should see:

Queens County Farm BBQ & Campout
This weekend!
September 6 to 7

Here’s your chance to nosh on some tasty chicken BBQ’d by none other than celebrated butcher Tom Mylan while sipping on some local suds courtesy Brooklyn Brewery. And if that’s not enough, there’ll be delish pie, a DJ spinning tunes, camping, and wake-up bloody Marys! Hello?! Why haven’t you bought your ticket yet? Get ’em here.

Central Park Bird Walks
brought to you by the Nature Conservancy
September 3 to October 26

NYC is a big stopping off point for birds migrating south for winter. Learn the ins & outs of bird watching with Kellye Rosenheim in Central Park. Get the full schedule and details.

Reservations are required. Please contact (212) 381-2194 or for reservations and cancellations.

Metropolitan Waterfront Alliance Events
September 4 to 26

Waterfront walking tours, kayaking Staten Island, tugboat races, and many more activities are on MWA’s calendar this month. Check it out!

Governors Island Art Fair
brought to you by 4heads
Every weekend, September 5 to 27

Over 150 independent artists and galleries from around the world come together on Governors Island – free ferry to and from Manhattan and Brooklyn. Get the details.

Solar Powered Film Series
brought to you by GreenEdge NYC & Solar One
September 10 to 19

Get your fill of sustainable films in this series of serious documentaries – screenings powered by the sun.

Doors open at 7:00 pm each night at Solar One (23rd St. & FDR Drive)
Films start at 7:45 pm, followed by Q&A

September 10: Addicted to Plastic (trailer)
September 11: Who Killed the Electric Car (trailer)
September 12: Flow (trailer)
September 17: A Sea Change (trailer)
September 18: The Garden (trailer)
September 19: Burning the Sun (world premiere!)

Plus, every night of the series features a segment from Brooklyn filmmaker Michelle Vey’s From Elegance to Earthworms. Get more info.

National Parks Week NYC
September 19 to 27

I’m a big fan of National Parks. I’ve only been to 5 of them (soon to be 6!), but I’ve got my sites set on many more. Luckily, this month, the National Parks are coming to me – and everyone else in this fair city. The National Parks Conservation Association is hosting a full line-up of events all over NYC, including coastal clean-ups in Queens, a tour of Grant’s tomb after dark in Morningside Heights, and screenings of clips from Rick Burn’s latest documentary about the parks in Central Park. There are just too many events to list here, so here’s the full schedule.

surviving australia

November 30, 2008

When I saw the posters outside of the Australia Museum for the exhibit “Surviving Australia,” I thought maybe it was an exhibit about how humans survived all of the deadly creatures on this isolated continent, once known in Europe as “terra australis incognita” (unknown southern land). This was only part of the story.

Upon entering the exhibit I realized it was more about how the creatures survived the deadly invading humans. Extinct, endangered, and threatened animals were featured in varying media. Threatened and endangered animals had taxidermied representatives. The extinct were mainly shown in illustrations, with the eerie exception of the Tasmanian tiger, of which there was archival film footage.

Thylacine, or Tasmanian tiger, was exterminated by man by the early 20th century. It had the appearance of a canine, but like many Australian animals, it was marsupial. [Read more here.]

There were life-sized recreations of megafauna, long extinct when Westerners arrived. Giant wombat-like marsupials and enormous kangaroos (up to 10 feet tall) once roamed the continent.

Thylacoleo, an extinct marsupial lion.

The fate of several animals was doomed upon the arrival of the white man. According to the exhibit, “in the last 200 years, over 50 vertebrate species and an unknown number of invertebrates and plants have disappeared from Australia — presumed extinct.” With habit destruction, introduction of foreign plant and animal species, and sometimes intentional extermination, the pig-footed bandicoot, several types of emu, kangaroo, and wallaby, and the Tasmanian tiger met their untimely end. Today, countless birds, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals are endangered or threatened because of humans. And Australia is sparsely populated compared with other continents (barring Antarctica), with about 21 million people covering the whole country.

The endangered regent honeyeater.

The endangered Tasmanian devil (I have a photo of a live one in my broken memory card).

When land is cleared did you know that everything living is killed? Between 1972 and 2006 it has been estimated nearly 4 billion birds, mammals and reptiles have died as a result of land clearing in Australia.

One-third of Australia’s woodlands… has been destroyed.

An estimated 50 percent of wetlands have been destroyed.

Over three-quarters of Australia’s rainforests have been destroyed.

Alright, let’s get down to the fun stuff — the animals that are deadly to humans! I timed my trip to the museum perfectly, because the next day we were off to the tropical north, where all of these toxic creatures live. Saltwater crocs, chironex and irukandji box jelly fish, death adders — they’re all in Queensland’s coastal regions. And let’s not forget the great white shark!

Huge, predatory Saltwater Crocodiles are one of Australia’s most famous dangers. They’re the world’s biggest living crocodiles and can swim underwater at 30 kilometres per hour [18.6 mph] without causing a ripple. They can leap out of water fast enough to outrun a horse (over a short distance) and far enough to catch low-flying birds.

It was kind of an exciting prospect to be able to possibly witness one of these creepy beings. I avoided going in the water for fear of deadly jelly stings. (I went for a horseback ride and even Rocky, my trusty steed, wouldn’t take a dip — maybe he knows something I don’t!) Every branch brushing against my legs was a Sydney funnel-web spider waiting to intoxicate me.

An interactive display describes the chironex box jellyfish

Alas, the scariest thing I came across was a little baby reef shark on the Great Barrier Reef — and he was so scared of me that he darted away as soon as a I spotted him. But my boyfriend got to see a young saltwater crocodile on Bedarra Island — I wonder where mama croc was?!

back from oz with little remorse

November 25, 2008

I had an amazing time down under. The people are friendly, the food incredible, and — it’s spring now — so the weather is terrific.

In Sydney, I walked all over. As eco-conscious as the city is (after all, they were the pioneers of Earth Hour), their public transport system is not the greatest — certainly nothing like NYC’s. Sydney’s economy isn’t the greatest right now either (whose is, really?), so they’ve cut funding from their public transport developments. I got an earful from a local about it — he’s none too pleased that he moved to a neighborhood that was meant to be receiving new public transport options, but after he relocated, the city reneged on the deal.

Budget cuts aside, there is a decent bus and train system and a centrally located ferry system that makes it easy to get to various points on the Parramatta River and other parts of Sydney Harbor.

But there’s nothing like walking a city to get to know it. We stayed in Woolloomooloo, with a great view of the skyline. It was a perfect central location away from the really touristy parts, right by the Royal Botanic Gardens, and a short walk to The Rocks (where Sydney’s Western history begins), Darlinghurst, and Kings Cross (a cleaned up red-light-like district).

There are farmers’ markets all over the city (organic and plastic-bag-free), as well as weekend shopping markets where you can get locally made goods (we went to a great one in Paddington). I tried my hardest to buy only Australian-made goods during the entire trip. I was doing really well until the day before we left Sydney for Dunk Island, Queensland.

I was feeling run down, had the sniffles and a sore throat. I’d also been walking around a lot, trying to collect souvenirs for friends and family. I’d walked all the way to Woollahra and then all the way down to The Rocks (about 9km or about 5.6 miles). I wanted to soak in the sights one more time before heading out of the city. I was feeling really tired and vulnerable. I spotted an interesting gift for someone (who shall remain nameless, as will the item!) and the sign said it was Australian. Why then did I ask the merchant if it was made in Australia? I guess I had to be sure. As I place the item on the counter, she says, “It’s designed in Australia, and made in China. But it’s really good quality!” I was weak. I caved. It was the only thing I bought not actually made in Australia. Even the muesli bars I bought at Woolworth’s boasted 100% Australian owned and made.

I thought about returning it, but I was already out of the shop… and hurting for a nap. Maybe I’m a bit neurotic, but I beat myself up a bit for the purchase.

Though by the time I arrived at the tropical confines of Dunk Island, I think I got over it.

i made it! sydney, australia

November 11, 2008

We arrived here in Sydney yesterday at 9am (that’s 5pm ET, the day prior). A few hours after our arrival, and after a much-needed shower, my travel companions and I took a walk through the Royal Botanical Gardens. After a 23 hour trip, it was safe to say we were jet lagged. So it would be easy to understand why we would be confused by the joggers running past us and towards us at 1pm on a Monday afternoon. I’d never seen so many people running about, especially in the middle of a workday. It quickly became clear, Sydney is a seriously health conscious city.

We were headed in the direction of the Sydney Opera House, then on to the ferries at Circle Quay, and ultimately, the Taronga Zoo. We’d heard there was a baby hippo there, born only 3 days ago. A very exciting prospect. Plus, I’d read there were wombats and koalas, and other native Australian species.

After marveling at the Opera House structure, we made our way to the ferry. It’s a nice 12 minute ride to the other side of the harbor where the zoo is located. Once we disembarked, my boyfriend asked a woman at the entrance about the baby pygmy hippo. He received some disappointing news. Baby hippo, “Monifa,” was not ready for her debut.

Little Monifa

Despite the sad news and our flight-induced delirium, we immediately got on the Sky Safari. From that conveyance we saw Asian elephants, a binturong (Asian bearcat), and an orangutan!

Binturong (Asian bearcat)

The zoo had a lot of construction going on and quite a few of the attractions were not up and running. We did not see the platypus. We only saw the backside of a wombat. We managed to observe an echidna — a curiously cute little creature. Many of the other animals eluded us. By the time we reached the orangutan habitat, he was hiding on a high perch under a potato sack. All we could see of him were his dangling dreads of hair and a bit of his protruding face.


As we were heading out, we got to see giraffes, a tapir, and a closer look of the Asian elephants. Exhausted, we headed back to the ferry, dreaming of a nap before dinnertime.



Asian elephants

By the time I went to bed at 10:30pm (6:30am ET), I hadn’t had a decent sleep in about 48 hours. Needless to say, I slept like a baby… hippo.